About the Second Class Rank for Scouts BSA
Second Class is the rank a Scout can earn after Tenderfoot. The requirements for Second Class continue to teach the youth to the skills needed to advance in Scouts BSA.
The Second Class requirements may be worked on simultaneously with the requirements for Tenderfoot and First Class; these ranks must still be earned in sequence though.
See helps for the specific requirements below.
- Second Class Rank Requirements
- Requirement 1: Camping and Outdoor Ethics
- Requirement 2: Cooking and Tools
- Requirement 3: Navigation
- Requirement 4: Nature
- Requirement 5: Aquatics
- Requirement 6: First Aid
- Requirement 7: Fitness
- Requirement 8: Citizenship
- Requirement 9: Leadership
- Requirement 10: Scout Spirit
- Requirement 11: Scoutmaster Conference
- Requirement 12: Second Class Board of Review
Second Class Rank Requirements
Second Class Rank Requirements Worksheet
Checkoff Sheet for Second Class Rank
Help with Answers for Second Class Rank Requirements
Find specific helps for some of the Second Class rank requirements listed below. Some of these resources will just give the answers. Others will provide engaging ways for older Scouts to introduce these concepts to new Scouts.
Requirement 1: Camping and Outdoor Ethics
Requirement 1 Helps and Answers
Keep track of your nights of camping with this log. You will need this for the Camping merit badge also.
How to Select a Campsite
When selecting a site, consider safety, size, terrain, privacy, permission, and water. Read more.
Leave No Trace
The 7 Principles of LNT:
- Plan ahead and prepare
- Travel and camp on durable surfaces
- Dispose of waste properly
- Leave what you find
- Minimize campfire impacts
- Respect wildlife
- Be considerate of others
Review the principles of Leave No Trace on the BSA website or on the Leave No Trace website. Or use the video below.
Leave No Trace Video:
Requirement 2: Cooking and Tools
Requirement 2 Helps and Answers
- When Is a Fire Appropriate?
- Firem’n Chit Certification
- Science of Fire
- How to Build a Fire Skit
- Help for Grubmasters
- Disposing of Dishwater at Camp
- Nutrition Guidelines
- How to Tie a Sheet Bend Knot
- How to Tie a Bowline Knot
- Dutch Oven Cooking
- Foil Pack Dinners
- Recipes for Camp Cooking
- Video Resources
When Is a Fire Appropriate?
Everyone enjoys a fire at camp, but there are some downsides. Sometimes a camp stove is a better option for cooking. Read more.
Firem’n Chit Certification
This BSA certification provides a set of fire safety rules which can be used for training with Scouts.
The Science of Fire
Newer scouts often struggle to get a fire going. Understanding the fire triangle will help them.
How to Build a Fire Skit
This would work as an introduction to a session on fire building for Second Class requirement 2.
Help for Grubmasters
See some tips for purchasing and packing your food for camp. Includes safety information.
Disposing of Dishwater at Camp
Scouts should know how to dispose of water which has been used for cleaning dishes, which is also known as gray water. One easy way to strain dishwater is to use a plastic grocery bag.
Learn more about planning nutritious meals and preparing the food.
How to Tie a Sheet Bend Knot
See a step by step tutorial of how to tie the sheet bend knot.
How to Tie a Bowline Knot
See a step by step tutorial of how to tie the bowline knot.
Dutch Oven Cooking
See some fool proof Dutch oven tips and recipes.
Foil Pack Dinners
Go beyond burgers and potatoes. See some new foil pack combinations and tips for cooking these easy meals.
Recipes for Camp Cooking
See some more favorite recipes for camp.
Fire or no fire?
Tinder, kindling, and fuel
Meal planning and food safety
How to tie a sheet bend knot
How to tie a bowline knot
Requirement 3: Navigation
Requirement 3 Helps and Answers
How to Use a Map and Compass
This article covers taking a bearing, aiming off, and declination. These will give a good start to Second Class requirement 3.
How to Read a Topographic Map
You will need to understand the scale, the map symbol, and the contour lines. Read more.
Maps, Compasses, and Declination
The difference between true north and magnetic north is called declination.
Personal Measurement Log for Orienteering
Some methods used in orienteering require you to have something of known length for comparison. A personal measurement log will help you with this.
Finding Direction Using a Watch and the Sun
This method only requires a watch and the sun. It can be used for Second Class requirement 3.
Use the Moon and a Watch to Find North
This is another explanation of how to orient yourself using a watch.
How to Find True North without a Compass
This article includes several methods, including the needle method and the stick trick.
How to use a map and compass and take a bearing
Use your watch as a compass
Requirement 4: Nature
Requirement 4 Helps and Answers
Identify Evidence of Wild Animals
See some tips for different kinds of evidence and get a worksheet for keeping track of your sightings for Second Class requirement 4.
Identify Animal Tracks
Take a quiz to practice identifying animal tracks.
Identify Animal Droppings
This quiz will help you learn how to identify animals from their poop, also known as scat.
Requirement 5: Aquatics
Requirement 5 Helps and Answers
Safe Swim Defense
Safe Swim Defense provides the steps which a BSA unit must take to safely participate in an activity which involves swimming.
BSA Swim Test
The BSA swim test is used to determine ability level so that participants can swim in an area which is appropriate for them.
Water Rescue Methods
Water rescue methods are methods used to rescue someone who is in trouble in the water. These must be covered as part of Second Class requirement 5.
Safe Swim and Beginner Test
Requirement 6: First Aid
Requirement 6 Helps and Answers
How to Avoid Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke
Learn how to recognize the symptoms and treat these dangerous conditions.
Avoiding and Treating Hypothermia
Use the COLD acronym to avoid danger, but learn how to treat these conditions also.
Test your skills in 10 emergency scenarios
Take this quiz to see if you know how to provide first aid in ten different situations.
First Aid Baseball Game
First aid baseball is a fun way to review first aid skills with Scouts. This game could be used to reinforce the skill instruction for Second Class requirement 6.
Kim’s Game with Items for a Home First Aid Kit
Kim’s game is a traditional Scouting game which was introduced by Sir Robert Baden-Powell. It is based on a game described by Rudyard Kipling.
How to treat burns
How to do the Firefighter Carry
How to do the four handed seat carry
How to treat various injuries
Show what to do for hurry cases
How to reduce injuries
How to respond to accidents and emergencies
Requirement 7: Fitness
Requirement 7 Helps and Answers
Substance Abuse Prevention Programs
See some options for Scouts who don’t do these type of programs at school.
How to Help Scouts Avoid Addiction
See some tips from Scouting magazine for materials to use with Second Class requirement 7.
Requirement 8: Citizenship
Requirement 8 Helps and Answers
Opening Flag Ceremony
This is a typical way to open a Scout meeting.
Closing Flag Ceremony
This closing is appropriate for a troop meeting.
How to Fold the US Flag
Instructions and diagrams for folding the American flag. Folding the flag correctly is a way to show respect as part of the instruction for Second Class requirement 8.
Flag Retirement Ceremony
A simple and respectful way to retire a flag which has become too worn for display.
Service Project Ideas
See some ideas for service projects and add your own ideas to the comments here.
What Can Scouts Count as Service Hours?
A reader asks what types of activities can be considered service. Read some answers from Scouters and add your own thoughts.
Respecting the flag
Requirement 9: Leadership
Requirement 9 Helps and Answers
The Three R’s of Personal Safety and Protection
We don’t want to scare youth, but they should know what to do if they feel uncomfortable in a situation. The Three R’s of personal safety should be a part of that discussion.
BSA Bullying Resources
See a number of programs and fact sheets which are available to help prevent bullying in Scouting. Some of these could be helpful as part of Second Class requirement 9.
To Be or Not to Be Seen
One Good Friend
It’s Not About Me
Getting Into the Game
Back on Track
Requirement 10: Scout Spirit
Requirement 10 Helps and Answers
What Is Scout Spirit?
Scout spirit is mentioned in several of the requirements for Scouts BSA ranks. But what is Scout spirit and how does a Scout go about demonstrating it?
See the 12 points of the Scout Law and what they mean. Remember to focus on different points for Second Class requirement 10 than you did for Tenderfoot.
Requirement 11: Scoutmaster Conference
Requirement 11 Helps and Answers
What Is a Scoutmaster Conference?
Scouts should not stress over the Scoutmaster conference. If they know a little bit about it beforehand it will not seem intimidating at all.
Scoutmaster Conference – Adding Requirements
A Scoutmaster may not add or take away requirements for advancement.
Requirement 12: Second Class Board of Review
Requirement 12 Helps and Answers
What Is a Board of Review?
When a Scout has completed all of the requirements for a rank, he must appear before a board of review. A board of review is NOT the same as a Scoutmaster Conference but just with more people.
Board of Review Questions
Reader Shelley asked “I’m a new Troop Committee Chair and was wondering if anyone has some great questions that they ask their Scouts during their Board of Reviews?” Sometimes committee members struggle to come up with good Board of Review questions.
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