Scouts working on the Citizenship in the Nation merit badge learn about the rights, duties, and obligations of United States citizens. They explore important places in our nation and learn to keep up with national events. They also investigate the importance of documents like the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Scouts also find out about the branches of our federal government and how they compliment and balance each other.
The Citizenship in the Nation merit badge is required for the rank of Eagle Scout.
What Are the Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirements?
You must learn what citizenship in the nation means, learn about our federal government, national issues, and places of importance to our nation.
Where Can I Find the Answers for the Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge?
Find specific helps for the Citizenship in the Nation merit badge requirements listed on this page. Some of these resources will just give the answers. Others will provide engaging ways for older Scouts to introduce these concepts to new Scouts.
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 1: What Is Citizenship in the Nation?
Requirement 1 Helps and Answers
Who is a US Citizen?
- Someone born in the US
- A child of US citizens
- Someone who became a citizen through the naturalization process
- By being a minor child of parents who have been naturalized
Duties of a United States Citizen
- Pay taxes
- Follow the laws
- Vote responsibly in elections
- Contribute to society
- Jury duty
- Defending the nation if needed
Some Protections Due a United States Citizen by the Bill of Rights
- Freedom of speech and expression
- The right to worship freely
- The right to peaceably assemble
- Access to media such as the internet, newspapers and TV which are not controlled by the government
- The right to a fair trial
Other Rights for US Citizens
- The right to vote in elections
- May travel under a US passport
- Eligible to be an elected official
- Eligible for federal jobs
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 2: Places
This is an official list of noteworthy locations which are being preserved for history. It is somewhat difficult to search, but you can find locations by keyword (such as your town) near the middle of the Database/Research page.
This site has a good summary of how national monuments are designated. And it also provides a comprehensive list, with many in the list linking to the website for the monument.
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 3: National Issues in the News
Watching or Reading the News
You can watch the national news on TV or look at the front page of a major newspaper. Take some notes, especially if you are watching the news on TV, so you can remember which stories seemed most important.
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 4: Documents
Requirement 4 Helps and Answers
Read the full text of the Declaration of Independence online.
The Preamble to the Constitution
“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”
The Constitution acted like a colossal merger, uniting a group of states with different interests, laws, and cultures. Under America’s first national government, the Articles of Confederation, the states acted together only for specific purposes. The Constitution united its citizens as members of a whole, vesting the power of the union in the people. Without it, the American Experiment might have ended as quickly as it had begun.
Daily, Americans exercise their rights secured by the Constitution. The most widely discussed and debated part of the Constitution is known as the Bill of Rights. These are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 5: Functions of Government
Requirement 5 Helps and Answers
6 Functions of Government in the Preamble
- To form a more perfect Union
- Establish justice
- Insure domestic tranquility
- Provide for the common defense
- Promote the general welfare
- Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 6: Historic Speech
Requirement 6 Helps and Answers
This list provides ten good options for this requirement. It gives a little background on each speech and a link to more information. Pick one which interests you and read it. Then choose a few lines which seem especially significant to you and reflect on why these particular words are meaningful to you right now.
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 7: Branches of Federal Government
Requirement 7 Helps and Answers
The Three Branches of the United States Government
The Legislative Branch
Congress is the legislative branch, which writes and passes laws. It also approves some actions of the Executive branch. Congress consists of two bodies: the Senate and the US House of Representatives.
The Executive Branch
The executive branch consists of the President, Vice President , and Cabinet. The President approves laws by signing them or rejects them by vetoing them. The president is also the head of the military and makes treaties with foreign countries.
The Judicial branch ensures that the laws which are passed conform to the US Constitution. The justices are nominated by the President but must be approved by Congress.
Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Requirement 8: Elected Representatives
Requirement 8 Helps and Answers
Just select your state to find out who your two senators are. There will be a contact link for each one. Click on it to send an email. You can also find background information about your senators here.
Just enter your zip code and you can find out who represents you in the US House of Representatives. There will be an email icon you can click on to contact him or her. You can also see a map of their congressional district.
Learn more about US citizenship with these related ideas and achievements:
Citizenship Football Game is a fun way to help Scouts work on citizenship requirements.
This constitution puzzle is a word search which contains words and phrases related to the United States Constitution.
Program features help youth leaders plan a month’s worth of meetings and activities. The Citizenship feature teaches Scouts understand their rights as US citizens. It also demonstrates how these rights are balanced by duties like paying taxes and voting.
- US Constitution Online
- US House of Representatives
- US Senate
- US Supreme Court
- The White House
- American Civil Liberties Union
- US Census Bureau
- National Constitution Center
- League of Women Voters
- Democratic National Committee
- Republican National Committee
- National Park Service
- US Government Publishing Office