Native American Craft

Pahsahëman – A Native American Field Game

I’m still planning for my Native American themed den meeting on April 13. I think I’ve finally come up with a Native American wide-area game which does not require too much equipment and will work with a group of 9 year old scouts.

Pahsaheman

Pahsahëman is similar to football. It has been played by the Lenape of the American Northeast for many generations. Traditionally, teams of men are pitted against teams of women. Men are allowed to kick the ball only, while women can kick, throw, or carry the ball. The version below has some added notes to adapt it for use by scouts.
Field
• There is no specific field size. About 150 feet long is a common size. A peewee soccer field might work with a group of scouts.
• There are goals at each end of the field. Each goal is about 6 feet wide. Traditionally, the goals are made with trees or posts about 6 inches in diameter and about 15 feet high. There is no crossbar. When playing with scouts, use whatever goal is available or set up some sort of goal marker.
Materials:
• Ball – a traditional ball is oblong, covered in deerskin, and stuffed with deer hair. It is about 9 inches in diameter. If you do not have the time or materials to make a traditional ball to use with your scouts, substitute a football.
• Sticks – 12 sticks, each about 12 inches long, are used to keep score.
Teams:
• There are two teams. Traditionally men play against women. There can be any number of players on each team. When playing with scouts, you can decide if you want to have one team use the men’s rules and one use the women’s (and then switch) or just play the same set of rules for both teams.
Instructions:
1. An older man or woman (scout leader!) goes to the middle of the field an throws the ball in the air. The players try to knock it toward their goal – like a tip-off in basketball
2. The men may not pass or carry the ball. If a man catches the ball, he must stand where he is and kick it toward his goal. Women may pass the ball, run with it, or kick it. Women kicked the ball on the ground – no high kicks.
3. Men may not tackle women. They may guard women to make it difficult for them to pass. They can also knock the ball from a woman’s hands. Women may grab or tackle the men. (For scouts, keep the physical contact more like a basketball game.)
4. Men score goals by kicking the ball through their goal posts. Women can score by kicking the ball through the posts or by carrying or passing it through.
5. Score is kept by an older man or women. There are 12 sticks, each about 12 inches long. When a team scores, the stick is placed in the ground in a row for that team, so that in the end there are two rows of sticks, one for each team.

6. The game is over when all 12 sticks have been placed in the rows. The team with the most sticks wins. If there is a tie, there is a one point tie-breaker.

For more information, see the Lenape website.

This game will work well with

  • Bear Achievement 15: Games, Games, Games – Requirement b – Play two organized games with your den.
  • Bear Elective 24b: Learn, make equipment for, and play two American Indian or other native American games with members of your den. Be able to tell the rules, who won, and what the score was.
  • Wolf Elective 4f: Play a wide area or large group game with your den or pack.
  • Wolf Elective 10: American Indian Lore (doesn’t specifically fulfill any of the requirements, but could be used as enrichment for a meeting focused on this elective)
  • Tiger Elective 35: Play a game outdoors with your family or den.
  • Indian Lore merit badge requirement 3a: Learn three games played by a group or tribe. Teach and lead one game with a Scout group.
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