The aims of Scouting are character development, citizenship training, personal fitness (both mental and physical), and leadership development. These are the primary purpose of Scouting programs.
The methods of Scouting are the parts of the program which support these aims. They are different for each program, as each program serves a different group of youth. So the methods for Cub Scouts must be different from the methods for Scouts BSA (Boy Scouts) and the methods for Venturers.
Learn more about the Aims of Scouting and the Methods of Scouting using these resources: